Blow Me: New Breathalyzer First to Detect THC

As recreational marijuana legalization becomes more widespread, so has concern about what that means for enforcing DUI laws. Unlike a breathalyzer used to detect alcohol, police do not have a device that can be used in the field to determine if a driver is under the influence of marijuana. New research from the University of Pittsburgh is poised to change that. 

An interdisciplinary team from the Department of Chemistry and the Swanson School of Engineering has developed a breathalyzer device that can measure the amount of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive compound in marijuana, in the user’s breath. Current drug testing methods rely on blood, urine or hair samples and therefore cannot be done in the field. They also only reveal that the user has recently inhaled the drug, not that they are currently under the influence.

The breathalyzer was developed using carbon nanotubes, tiny tubes of carbon 100,000 times smaller than a human hair. The THC molecule, along with other molecules in the breath, bind to the surface of the nanotubes and change their electrical properties. The speed at which the electrical currents recover then signals whether THC is present. Nanotechnology sensors can detect THC at levels comparable to or better than mass spectrometry, which is considered the gold standard for THC detection. 

“The semiconductor carbon nanotubes that we are using weren’t available even a few years ago,” says Sean Hwang, lead author on the paper and a doctoral candidate in chemistry at Pitt. “We used machine learning to ‘teach’ the breathalyzer to recognize the presence of THC based on the electrical currents recovery time, even when there are other substances, like alcohol, present in the breath.”

The team took three years to develop the device with the oversight and permission of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency. Although law enforcement agencies can rely on years of research to document the blood-alcohol levels where impaired driving occurs, there is little such research involving THC.

The prototype looks similar to a breathalyzer for alcohol, with a plastic casing, protruding mouthpiece, and digital display. It was tested in the lab and was shown to be able to detect the THC in a breath sample that also contained components like carbon dioxide, water, ethanol, methanol, and acetone. The researchers will continue to test the prototype but hope it will soon move to manufacturing and be available for use.

“In legal states, you’ll see road signs that say “Drive High, Get a DUI,’ but there has not been a reliable and practical way to enforce that,” says Dr. Star. “There are debates in the legal community about what levels of THC would amount to a DUI, but creating such a device is an important first step toward making sure people don’t partake and drive.” 

Facebook
Twitter
Pinterest
Print
Email

Recent Articles

Gift Cards You’ll Want to Give

Two thirds (63%) of holiday shoppers say they are more likely to buy their loved ones a gift card/certificate rather than an actual present this year, and 41% say gift cards are the top item on their own wish lists. That’s according to a survey by Mastercard, but we already know that a gift card

Read More »

Esco Bars By Pastel Cartel

Talk about getting in on the ground floor. The year was 2011 when Darrell Suriff received a call from his college-aged son Justin, excited about a new gadget he’d seen people smoking from at a local club. Turns out Justin had just discovered vaping. “I was very skeptical, at first,” says Suriff, “but I started

Read More »

The Chill Room

Baby steps. Organic. These are just two words to describe the evolution of the Chill Room in W Palm Beach/ Worthington, Florida. Robert Cartagine opened his first vape shop in 2015 with great trepidation, but after realizing that his entire family stopped smoking and started vaping, he saw that there was a need. “In addition

Read More »

LOOV

They’ve done it again! Randy’s, famous for their wired rolling papers, has been at the forefront of innovative smokeware products and defining smokeware standards for over 45 years. The Loov multi-purpose, table-top vaporiser, is the newest innovation from Randy’s. It offers a session unlike any you’ve ever experienced with its unique “Fill it up, tip

Read More »

Canna Style Smoking Accessories

You can think of Canna Style as your stoner bestie, sharing with you the smoking accessories of your wildest dreams. After years of working for major fashion brands, founder Amanda Smith, created this cute and trendy smokeware brand to fill a void in a traditionally male dominated space, bringing something uniquely different to girls, the

Read More »

Social Media

Most Recent

Are you 18 or older?